What is the new coronavirus?
The new Coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) is a virus that was first identified as a result of research conducted in a group of patients with symptoms of fever (fever, cough, shortness of breath) in Wuhan, China in late December. Then it spread to other cities in the province of Hubei, mainly Wuhan, and other provinces of China and later to other countries.
Coronaviruses are a family of viruses that can cause disease in animals or humans. The SARS-CoV-2 virus belongs to a large family of viruses known as Coronaviridae. It is known that 7 different types of coronavirus that cause illness in humans cause more severe respiratory infections such as colds, Middle East Respiratory Failure Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). The official name of the virus has been identified by the World Health Organization (WHO) as SARS-CoV-2 (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome-Coronavirus-2), and the disease caused by the virus is COVID-19. The epidemic was declared by the World Health Organization on March 11, 2020 as a pandemic, or global epidemic.
How can you get infected?
Coronavirus disease spreads primarily through contact with an infected person when they cough or sneeze. It also spreads when a person touches a surface or object that has the virus on it, then touches their eyes, nose, or mouth. Coronaviruses are generally viruses that are not resistant to the external environment. However, the infectious period and the time to withstand the external environment of the new coronavirus is not clear today.
How can I protect myself from the coronavirus?
Is there a treatment for the coronavirus?
The new Coronavirus infection (COVID-19) has no effective treatment for the virus. Depending on the general condition of the patient, the necessary supportive treatment is applied. Studies investigating the effectiveness of some drugs on the virus and clinical research are ongoing, but currently there are no anti-virus drugs.
Can antibiotics be used for the treatment of the coronavirus?
Antibiotics do not affect viruses, they are effective only against bacteria. The pathogen causing the COVID-19 infection is a virus called SARS-CoV-2. The choice of antibiotics to be used in empirical treatment is made according to the clinical condition of the patient and the treatment guidelines published by the Ministry of Health.
What is the incubation period of the coronavirus disease?
Most estimates of the incubation period for COVID-19 range from 1-14 days.
What are the symptoms of coronavirus?
The most common symptoms of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) are fever, tiredness, difficulty breathing (severe cases) and dry cough.
Who is most at risk for the coronavirus disease?
According to the data obtained, older people and those who have concomitant disease (such as asthma, diabetes, heart disease) are at higher risk of developing the virus. WHO advises people of all ages to take steps to protect themselves from the virus, for example by following good hand hygiene and good respiratory hygiene.
Is there a vaccine for the coronavirus disease?
At this time there is no vaccine to prevent coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).
Should you wear a face mask in public?
Yes, you should. Face masks are used primarily by people in the community to prevent sick people from spreading infection. The purpose of wearing masks in public is to slow the spread of the virus and prevent people who may have the virus and do not know it from transmitting it to others.
Can you get the coronavirus from receiving parcels?
Generally, these viruses can remain viable for a short period of time, so no contamination by package or cargo is expected. The World Health Organization has no restrictions on this matter.
On which countries was the travel ban imposed?
With the statement made by Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan on 27 March 2020, all international flights were stopped.